Here are questions on PFG 9:
Questions on ch. 9
1. What was Jewish monotheism, polemically speaking? What was it directed against? What was it not concerned with?
2. What point about Jesus did Paul never have to argue or try to prove against his Jewish opponents?
3. How does the story of Israel provide Paul with the means for recognizing Jesus as included in the identity of Israel’s God? How does this work differently than the 19th century way of framing the question of how high Christology developed? Which is more plausible?
4. Do you agree with Wright’s claim that theology itself takes the place of boundary-marking praxis (kosher, sabbath, circumcision) in bearing the weight of defining the people of God in Paul’s thinking?
5. (Talk the group through 1 Cor 8, Philippians 2, and Colossians 1 so that they will be able to unpack the divine identity christology and the OT allusions.)
6. How has Paul changed the Shema?
7. What are the main ways Paul includes the Holy Spirit within the identity of Israel’s God?
8. How tightly enmeshed, how inextricable, are Jesus and the Spirit, in Paul’s doxological and hymnic statements? How has Paul woven them in?
9. Why is the problem of evil more acute for Jewish monotheism than for other religions? How is Judaism’s answer different?
10. What do you think of Wright’s opening and closing comparison of Paul and Akiba, dying for Jewish monotheism, but of radically different varieties?